Preparing for Treatment

Normally you will have received (in person, via email or downloaded) a patient questionnaire to complete at your leisure and bring to your initial consultation. During your consultation I will consider this questionnaire and ask further questions and carry out any relevant examinations.

I will explain clearly the consultation, diagnosis and treatment plan. If there is anything you are unclear about or concerned about please tell me. Your understanding of your illness and its treatment is an important aspect your recovery. There are many traditional Chinese medicine treatment methods at my disposal* and if you are uncomfortable with a particular method I can usually offer a suitable therapeutic alternative.

When preparing for treatment please wear loose clothing with legs and sleeves that are easy to roll-up out of the way. You need to be prepared to remove items of clothing as required, but be assured that I am always mindful of your modesty and comfort.

To gain the best from treatment please enjoy a light meal beforehand and refrain from any strenuous activities for a few hours. No alcohol should be taken before or after treatment.

*Acupuncture is not always used, particularly if you are needle-phobic or have a condition or medication that is not suited to acupuncture. Other Traditional Chinese Medicine treatment methods I frequently use are acupressure, massage, moxibustion (heat treatment) and cupping therapy.

Popularity of the Acupuncture Points

From 251 papers, 386 studies were analysed and 381 unique acupuncture points were identified*; placed in order of occurrence from high to low the following table was produced ranking the acupoints in order of popularity. For example, ST-36 was the highest ranking most chosen point, being selected in 183 of the 386 studies or 47% of the time.

Popularity of the Acupuncture Points chart

*This data is an extract from a research report compiled by Austin Austin that sought to consider Ma Dan-Yang’s Heavenly Star Points including to some extent, Fine Jade True Person’s 11 Heavenly Star Points, and to compare their popularity with the most commonly used acupoints in contemporary practice.  The author considered it of interest to know how popular the Heavenly Star Points might be in modern practice and what the most popular acupoints overall were. To accomplish this, papers and journals giving accounts of the use of acupoints were studied and the acupoints used were extracted. This data was used to deduce the most popular acupoints overall and rank them along with the 12 Heavenly Star Points. Other considerations such as Dan Jie point couplings and complex needle manipulation were considered as possible factors in the potency of the Heavenly Star Points. The results suggested that many of the Heavenly Star Points were ranked highly and therefore do appear to be popular points. As some acupoints seem to be significantly more popular than others, then perhaps these points warrant higher priority in point selection. It was concluded that the most popular and least popular acupoints merit further research to ascertain whether there is a relationship between popularity and efficacy.

**Moxa only

©2014 Austin Austin www.austinacupuncture.co.uk


Reference list of studies used to obtain acupoint data for Popularity of the Acupuncture Points:

Ahn, A., Bennani, T., Freeman, R., Hamdy, O. and Kaptchuk, T. (2007) Two styles of acupuncture for treating painful diabetic neuropathy–a pilot randomised control trial. Acupuncture In Medicine, 25(1-2), pp. 11-17.
Aisong, G. and Qingyi, M. (2008) Acupuncture Combined with Spinal Tui Na for Treatment of Primary Dysmenorrhea in 30 Cases. Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine, 28(1), pp. 7.
Alem, M. and Gurgel, M. (2008) Acupuncture in the rehabilitation of women after breast cancer surgery. Acupuncture in Medicine, 26(2), pp. 86-93.
Allais, G., De Lorenzo, C., Quirico, P.E., Airola, G., Tolardo, G., Mana, O., and Benedetto, C. (2002) Acupuncture in the prophylactic treatment of migraine without aura: a comparison with flunarizine. Headache: The Journal of Head & Face Pain, 42(9), pp. 855-861.
Allais, G., De Lorenzo, C., Quirico, P.E., Lupi, G., Airola, G., Mana, O., and Benedetto, C. (2003) Non-pharmacological approaches to chronic headaches: Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation, lasertherapy and acupuncture in transformed migraine treatment. Neurological Sciences, 24, pp. S138-S142.
Allam, H., Eldine, N.G., and Helmy, G. (2008) Scalp acupuncture effect on language development in children with autism: a pilot study. Journal of Alternative & Complementary Medicine, 14(2), pp. 109-114.
Alraek, T. and Baerheim, A. (2003) The effect of prophylactic acupuncture treatment in women with recurrent cystitis: kidney patients fare better [corrected] [published erratum appears in J ALTERN COMPLEMENT MED 2003 Dec;9(6):979]. Journal of Alternative & Complementary Medicine, 9(5), pp. 651-658.
Alraek, T., Soedal, L., Fagerheim, S.U., Digranes, A., and Baerheim, A. (2002) Acupuncture treatment in the prevention of uncomplicated recurrent lower urinary tract infections in adult women. American Journal of Public Health, 92(10), pp. 1609-1611.
Apaloo, F. (1996) An Acupuncture Complication. Acupuncture in Medicine, 14(1), p. 40.
Arranz, L., Guayerbas, N., Siboni, L., and Fuente, M. (2007) Effect of acupuncture treatment on the immune function impairment found in anxious women. American Journal of Chinese Medicine, 35(1), pp. 35-51.
Aune, A., Alraek, T., Lihua, H., and Baerheim, A. (1998) Acupuncture in the prophylaxis of recurrent lower urinary tract infection in adult women. Scandinavian Journal of Primary Health Care, 16(1), pp. 37-39.
Bäcker, M., Hammes, M., Sander, D., Funke, D., Deppe, M., Tölle, T., and Dobos, G.J. (2004) Brief communication changes of cerebrovascular response to visual stimulation in migraineurs after repetitive sessions of somatosensory stimulation (acupuncture): a pilot study. Headache: The Journal of Head & Face Pain, 44(1), pp. 95-101.
Ballegaard, S. (1998) Acupuncture and the cardiovascular system: a scientific challenge. Acupuncture in Medicine, 16(1), pp. 2-9.
Baojie, H. and Feng, W. (2008) Acupuncture treatment for 98 cases of ventricular premature beat. Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine, 28(2), pp. 86.
Berman, B.M., Lao, L., Langenberg, P., Lee, W.L., Gilpin, A., and Hochberg, M.C. (2004) Effectiveness of acupuncture as adjunctive therapy in osteoarthritis of the knee: a randomized, controlled trial. Annals of Internal Medicine, 141(12), pp. 901.
Betts, D. (2003a) Harmonising the Penetrating Vessel in the Treatment of Morning Sickness.Journal of Chinese Medicine, 72, pp. 36-41.
Betts, D. (2003b) The Use of Acupuncture in Pregnancy Induced Hypertension. Journal of Chinese Medicine, 71, pp. 9-13.
Betts, D. (2004) The Use of Acupuncture as a Routine Pre-Birth Treatment. Journal of Chinese Medicine, 76, pp. 5-8.
Betts, D. (2005) Post Natal Acupuncture. Journal of Chinese Medicine, 77, pp. 5-15.
Bosco Guerreiro da Silva, J. (2007) Acupuncture for mild to moderate emotional complaints in pregnancy–a prospective, quasi-randomised, controlled study. Acupuncture in Medicine, 25(3), pp. 65-71.
Bradbrook, D. (2004) Acupuncture treatment of phantom limb pain and phantom limb sensation in amputees. Acupuncture in Medicine, 22(2), pp. 93-97.
Brinkhaus, B., Witt, C.M., Jena, S., Linde, K., Streng, A., Irnich, D., Hummelsberger, J., Hammes, M., Pach, D., Melchart, D., and Willich, S.N. (2006) Interventions and physician characteristics in a randomized multicenter trial of acupuncture in patients with low-back pain. Journal of Alternative & Complementary Medicine, 12(7), pp. 649-657.
Cabioglu, M.T., Ergene, N., and Tan, Ü (2007) Electroacupuncture treatment of obesity with psychological symptoms. International Journal of Neuroscience, 117(5), pp. 579-590.
Cabrini, L., Gioia, L., Gemma, M., Melloni, G., Carretta, A., Ciriaco, P., and Puglisi, A. (2006) Acupuncture for diagnostic fiberoptic bronchoscopy: a prospective, randomized, placebo-controlled study. American Journal of Chinese Medicine, 34(3), pp. 409-415.
Cabýoglu, M.T., Ergene, N., and Tan, U. (2006) The treatment of obesity by acupuncture. International Journal of Neuroscience, 116(2), pp. 165-175.
Callison, M. (2002) Clinical Study Acupuncture & Tibial Stress Syndrome (Shin Splints). Journal of Chinese Medicine, 70, pp. 24-27.
Cambell, A. (1992) Acupuncture treatment of gastrointestinal disorders. Acupuncture in Medicine, 10(2), pp. 70-71.
Camp, V. (1986) Acupuncture for shoulder pain. Acupuncture in Medicine, 3(1), pp. 28-32.
Camp, V. (1992) Acupuncture for the Knee. Acupuncture in Medicine, 10(2), pp. 57-62.
CAN, E. (2008) TCM Treatment for Gynaecological Diseases – Irregular Menstruation. Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine, 28(4), pp. 310-314.
Cao. W. and Xu, H. (1996) Some Difficult Cases Treated By Acupuncture. Journal of Chinese Medicine, 51, pp. 7-10.
Chan, J., Briscomb, D., Waterhouse, E. and Cannaby, AM. (2002) An Uncontrolled Pilot Study of HT7 for ‘Stress’. Acupuncture in Medicine, 20(2-3), pp. 74-77.
Chan, K. (1993) Acupuncture in the treatment of lymphoedema (case report). Acupuncture in Medicine, 11(2), pp. 111.
Changqing, P. and Guangbo, T. (2008) Forty-two cases of greater occipital neuralgia treated by acupuncture plus acupoint-injection. Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine, 28(3), pp. 175.
Cheng, P., Wong, M., and Chang, P. (1998) A therapeutic trial of acupuncture in neurogenic bladder of spinal cord injured patients — a preliminary report. Spinal Cord, 36(7), pp. 476-480.
Chilton, S.A. (1995) Six cases of cranial pain treated with acupuncture. Acupuncture in Medicine, 13(1), pp. 50.
Chilton, S.A. (1997) Tennis elbow: a combined approach using acupuncture and local corticosteroid injection. Acupuncture in Medicine, 15(2), pp. 77-78.
Cho, J.H., Chung, W.K., Kang, W., Choi, S.M., Cho, C.K., and Son, C.G. (2008) Manual acupuncture improved quality of life in cancer patients with radiation-induced xerostomia. Journal of Alternative & Complementary Medicine, 14(5), pp. 523-526.
Cohen, S.M., Rousseau, M.E., and Carey, B.L. (2003) Can acupuncture ease the symptoms of menopause?. Holistic Nursing Practice, 17(6), pp. 295-299.
Collins, K.B. and Thomas, D.J. (2004) Acupuncture and acupressure for the management of chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting. Journal of the American Academy of Nurse Practitioners, 16(2), pp. 76-80.
Cumins, S.M. and Brunt, A.M. (2000) Does acupuncture influence the vasomotor symptoms experienced by breast cancer patients taking tamoxifen?. Acupuncture in Medicine, 18(1), pp. 28-28.
Deng, B., Zhou, E., Li, Y., Su, S. and Sun, P. (2005) Regulating the Heart with Acupuncture during the Rehabilitation Stage of Wind Stroke. Journal of Chinese Medicine, 77, pp. 42-45.
Desser, A. and Blacker, P. (1998) Cases from the London School of Acupuncture Teaching Clinic. Journal of Chinese Medicine, 56, pp. 38-39.
Desser, A. and Farrant, E. (1996) Cases from the London School of Acupuncture Teaching Clinic.Journal of Chinese Medicine, 50, pp. 32-36.
Diógenes, M., Carvalho, A., and Tabosa, A. (2008) Acupuncture and moxibustion as fundamental therapeutic complements for full recovery of staphylococcal skin infection after a poor 50-day treatment response to antibiotics. Journal of Alternative & Complementary Medicine, 14(6), pp. 757-761.
Dong, H., Lüdicke, F., Comte, I., Campana, A., Graff, P., and Bischof, P. (2001) An exploratory pilot study of acupuncture on the quality of life and reproductive hormone secretion in menopausal women. Journal of Alternative & Complementary Medicine, 7(6), pp. 651-658.
Donnellan, C.P. (2006) Acupuncture for central pain affecting the ribcage following traumatic brain injury and rib fractures — a case report. Acupuncture in Medicine, 24(3), pp. 129-133.
Donoyama, N. and Ohkoshi, N. (2007) Successful Treatment of Ocular Myasthenia Gravis Using Acupuncture in Conjunction with Pharmaceutical Treatment: A Case Report. Journal of Chinese Medicine,84, pp. 10-11.
Drisco, M, (2004) Acupuncture in the Treatment of Hormone Therapy-Induced Hot Flushes in Breast and Prostate Cancer Patients. Journal of Chinese Medicine, 75, pp. 5-9.
Duncan, B., White, A. and Rahman, A. (2007) Acupuncture in the treatment of fibromyalgia in tertiary care – a case series. Acupuncture in Medicine, 25(4), pp. 137-147.
Dundee, J.W., Chaly, R.G., and Yang, J. (1990) Scientific observations on the antiemetic action of stimulation of the P6 acupuncture point. Acupuncture in Medicine, 8(1), pp. 2.
Eaton, P. (1996) Cases from the London School of Acupuncture Teaching Clinic. Journal of Chinese Medicine, 52, pp. 32-34.
Eng, M.L., Lyons, K.E., Greene, M.S., and Pahwa, R. (2006) Open-label trial regarding the use of acupuncture and yin tui na in Parkinson’s disease outpatients: a pilot study on efficacy, tolerability, and quality of life. Journal of Alternative & Complementary Medicine, 12(4), pp. 395-399.
Facco, E., Liguori, A., Petti, F., Zanette, G., Coluzzi, F., De Nardin, M., and Mattia, C. (2008) Traditional acupuncture in migraine: a controlled, randomized study. Headache: The Journal of Head & Face Pain, 48(3), pp. 398-407.
Faust, S. (1991) Acupuncture for psychological problems. Acupuncture in Medicine, 9(2), pp. 80-82
Filshie, J., Bolton, T., Browne, D., and Ashley, S. (2005) Acupuncture and self acupuncture for long-term treatment of vasomotor symptoms in cancer patients – audit and treatment algorithm. Acupuncture in Medicine, 23(4), pp. 171-180
Fletcher, T. (1983) Acupuncture and sport. Acupuncture in Medicine, 1(2), p. 16.
Floares, I. (1999) A study of acupuncture treatment for enuresis in children with mental and physical handicap. Acupuncture in Medicine, 17(2), pp. 82-85
Forrester, M. (2003) Acupuncture for intractable hiccups. Acupuncture in Medicine, 21(1), pp. 67.
Freedman, J. (2002) Acupuncture for carpal tunnel syndrome. Acupuncture in Medicine, 20(1), pp. 39-40.
Gao, M. (1995) A traditional Chinese view of acupuncture for neurological disease. Acupuncture in Medicine, 13(2), pp. 88-90.
GAO, X. (2008) Moxibustion Penetration and Its Clinical Application. Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine, 28(4), pp. 267-269.
GE, Q., WU, Y., WANG, C., and WANG, S. (2008) Forty-six Cases of Vertebrobasilar Insufficiency Treated by Acupuncture plus Intravenous Infusion of Ligustrazine. Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine, 28(4), pp. 245-249.
Gibson, D., Bruton, A., Lewith, G.T., and Mullee, M. (2007) Effects of acupuncture as a treatment for hyperventilation syndrome: a pilot, randomized crossover trial. Journal of Alternative & Complementary Medicine, 13(1), pp. 39-46.
Glick, S. (2003) Three Case Studies Ménière’s Disease. Journal of Chinese Medicine, 73, pp. 16-19.
Grant, A. (2004) Bi Syndrome of the Shoulder: A Two Point Method for Musculo-skeletal Treatment. Journal of Chinese Medicine, 76, pp. 26-27.
Grant, L.(2003) Treating Young Adults with Acupuncture. Journal of Chinese Medicine, 73, pp. 5-8.
Grey, P. (1996) Baker’s Cyst Burst after Acupuncture. Acupuncture in Medicine, 14(1), pp. 40-42
Guerra, J., Bassas, E., Andres, M., Verdugo, F., and Gonzalez, M. (2003) Acupuncture for soft tissue shoulder disorders: a series of 201 cases. Acupuncture in Medicine, 21(1-2), pp. 18-22.
Guerreiro da Silva, J., Nakamura, M., Cordeiro, J. and Kulay Jr. L. (2004) Acupuncture for low back pain in pregnancy – a prospective, quasi- randomised, controlled study. Acupuncture in Medicine, 22(2), pp. 60-67.
Guerreiro da Silva, J., Nakamura, M., Cordeiro, J. and Kulay Jr. L. (2005) Acupuncture for insomnia in pregnancy – a prospective, quasi-randomised, controlled study. Acupuncture in Medicine, 23(2), pp. 47-51.
Halevi, S. (2001) Case History the Treatment of Female Sexual Dysfunction with The Fire-Needle Technique. Journal of Chinese Medicine, 66, pp. 34-38.
Halevi, S. (2004) The Treatment of Gangrenous Diabetic Abscess by the “Ring of the Dragon” Acupuncture Technique. Journal of Chinese Medicine, 74, pp. 5-9.
Hallam, C. and Whale, C. (2003) Acupuncture for the treatment of sweating associated with malignancy. Acupuncture in Medicine, 21(4), pp. 155-156.
Hansen, J.A. (1997) A comparative study of two methods of acupuncture treatment for neck and shoulder pain. Acupuncture in Medicine, 15(2), pp. 71-73.
Hantoushzadeh, S., Alhusseini, N., and Lebaschi, A.H. (2007) The effects of acupuncture during labour on nulliparous women: a randomised controlled trial. Australian & New Zealand Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology, 47(1), pp. 26-30.
Haslam, R. (2001) A comparison of acupuncture with advice and exercises on the symptomatic treatment of osteoarthritis of the hip – a randomised controlled trial. Acupuncture in Medicine,19(1), pp. 19-26
He, D., Høstmark, A., Veiersted, K.B., and Medbø, J. (2005) Effect of intensive acupuncture on pain-related social and psychological variables for women with chronic neck and shoulder pain — an RCT with six month and three year follow up. Acupuncture in Medicine, 23(2), pp. 52-61.
Highfield, E.S., Laufer, M.R., Schnyer, R.N., Kerr, C.E., Thomas, P., and Wayne, P.M. (2006) Adolescent endometriosis-related pelvic pain treated with acupuncture: two case reports. Journal of Alternative & Complementary Medicine, 12(3), pp. 317-322.
Ho, V. and Bradley, P. (1992) Acupuncture for resistant temporo-mandibular joint pain dysfunction syndrome. Acupuncture in Medicine, 10(2), pp. 53-55.
Hobb, J. and Hopwood, V. (2004) ACUPUNCTURE FOR THE Treatment of Eczema A Case Study. Journal of Chinese Medicine, 76, pp. 45-49.
Hu, G. (1989) Some Difficult Cases Treated By Acupuncture. Journal of Chinese Medicine, 29, pp. 8-9.
Hu, J. (2008a) Acupuncture Treatment of Chloasma. Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine,28(4), pp. 305-307.
Hu, J. (2008b) Acupuncture treatment of palpitation. Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine = Chung i Tsa Chih Ying Wen Pan / Sponsored by all-China Association of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Academy of Traditional Chinese Medicine, 28(3), pp. 228-230.
Hua, J., Manxia, W., Jian, G., and Zhidong, L. (2008) The midnight-noon ebb-flow point selection for 30 cases of acute ischemic cerebrovascular diseases. Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine, 28(3), pp. 193.
Huang, S., Chen, G., Lo, H., Lin, J., Lee, Y., and Kuo, C. (2005) Increase in the vagal modulation by acupuncture at Neiguan point in the healthy subjects. American Journal of Chinese Medicine,33(1), pp. 157-164.
Huang, Y., Chen, J., Htut, W.M., Lai, X., and Wik, G. (2007) Acupuncture increases cerebral glucose metabolism in human vascular dementia. International Journal of Neuroscience, 117(7), pp. 1029-1037.
HUANG, Y., LIAO, X., LI, X., and SONG, Y. (2008) Clinical Observation on the Effects of Bo’s Abdominal Acupuncture in 40 Cases of Chronic Fatigue Syndrome. Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine, 28(4), pp. 264-266.
Hübscher, M., Vogt, L., Bernhörster, M., osenhagen, A., and Banzer, W. (2008) Effects of acupuncture on symptoms and muscle function in delayed-onset muscle soreness. Journal of Alternative & Complementary Medicine, 14(8), pp. 1011-1016.
Iliev, E. (1994) Treatment of lichen ruber planus with acupuncture. Acupuncture in Medicine,12(1), pp. 6.
Jensen, R., Gøthesen Ø, Liseth, K., and Baerheim, A. (1999) Acupuncture treatment of patellofemoral pain syndrome. Journal of Alternative & Complementary Medicine, 5(6), pp. 521-527.
Jeong, H., Hong, S., Nam, Y., Lee, H., and Kim, H. (2003) The effect of acupuncture on proinflammatory cytokine production in patients with chronic headache: a preliminary report. American Journal of Chinese Medicine, 31(6), pp. 945-954.
Jeun, S., Kim, J., Kim, B., Park, S., Lim, E., Choi, G., and Choe, B. (2005) Acupuncture stimulation for motor cortex activities: a 3T fMRI study. American Journal of Chinese Medicine,33(4), pp. 573-578.
Jialan, H. and Aihua, Q. (2008) Acupuncture Treatment for Optic Nerve Contusion. Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine, 28(1), pp. 5.
Jiang, D. (2004) Management of Migraine Using Traditional Chinese Medicine. Journal of Chinese Medicine, 76, pp. 40-44.
Jiaying, L., Ying, H., Ning, Z., Bing, W., Yu, Z., Deli, Y., Guirong, Z., Ying, W., and Junfeng, P. (2008) The safety of electroacupuncture at Hegu (LI4) plus oxytocin for hastening uterine contraction of puerperants – a randomized controlled clinical observation. Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine, 28(3), pp. 163.
Jinsheng, H. (2008a) Teaching Round. Acupuncture treatment of chest Bi syndrome. Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine, 28(2), pp. 148.
Jinsheng, H. (2008b) Teaching Round: Acupuncture Treatment of Vomiting. Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine, 28(1), pp. 75.
Johnson, D. (2006) Acupuncture prior to and at embryo transfer in an assisted conception unit – a case series. Acupuncture in Medicine, 24(1), pp. 23-28.
Joos, S., Schott, C., Zou, H., Daniel, V., and Martin, E. (2000) Immunomodulatory effects of acupuncture in the treatment of allergic asthma: a randomized controlled study. Journal of Alternative & Complementary Medicine, 6(6), pp. 519-525.
Jubb, R.W., Tukmachi, E.S., Jones, P.W., Dempsey, E., Waterhouse, L., and Brailsford, S. (2008) A blinded randomised trial of acupuncture (manual and electroacupuncture) compared with a non-penetrating sham for the symptoms of osteoarthritis of the knee. Acupuncture in Medicine,26(2), pp. 69-78.
Kanakura, Y., Niwa, K., Kometani, K., Nakazawa, K., Yamaguchi, Y., Ishikawa, H., Watanabe, A., and Tokunaga, Y. (2002) Effectiveness of acupuncture and moxibustion treatment for lymphedema following intrapelvic lymph node dissection: a preliminary report. American Journal of Chinese Medicine, 30(1), pp. 37-43.
Kazmie, M. (1986) Acupuncture analgesia in Childbirth. 3 (1986), Acupuncture in Medicine,3(1), pp. 6-7.
Kelleher, C.J., Filshie, J., Burton, G., Khullar, V., and Cardozo, L.D. (1994) Acupuncture and the treatment of irritative bladder symptoms. Acupuncture in Medicine, 12(1), pp. 9-12.
Kim, Y.S., Lee, S.H., Jung, W.S., Park, S.U., Moon, S.K., Ko, C.N., Cho, K.H., and Bae, H.S. (2004) Intradermal acupuncture on Shen-Men and Nei-Kuan acupoints in patients with insomnia after stroke. American Journal of Chinese Medicine, 32(5), pp. 771-778.
Kimura, K., Masuda, K., and Wakayama, I. (2006) Changes in skin blood flow and skin sympathetic nerve activity in response to manual acupuncture stimulation in humans. American Journal of Chinese Medicine, 34(2), pp. 189-196.
Kung, Y., Chen, F., Hwang, S., Hsieh, J., and Lin, Y. (2005) Convulsive syncope: an unusual complication of acupuncture treatment in older patients. Journal of Alternative & Complementary Medicine, 11(3), pp. 535-537.
Kuo, T., Lin, C., and Ho, F. (2004) The soreness and numbness effect of acupuncture on skin blood flow. American Journal of Chinese Medicine, 32(1), pp. 117-129.
Kurono, Y., Egawa, M., Yano, T., and Shimoo, K. (2002) The effect of acupuncture on the coronary arteries as evaluated by coronary angiography: a preliminary report. American Journal of Chinese Medicine, 30(2), pp. 387-396.
Kvist, L.J., Larsson, B.W., Hall-Lord, M., and ydhstroem, H. (2004) Effects of acupuncture and care interventions on the outcome of inflammatory symptoms of the breast in lactating women. International Nursing Review, 51(1), pp. 56-64.
Lee, Y., Lee, M.S., Shin, B., Jeong, J., Jeong, D., Hwang, I.C., and Kim, J.I. (2005) Effects of acupuncture on potential along meridians of healthy subjects and patients with gastric disease. American Journal of Chinese Medicine, 33(6), pp. 879-885.
Leung, A., Khadivi, B., Duann, J., Cho, Z.H., and Yaksh, T. (2005) The Effect of Ting Point (Tendinomuscular Meridians) Electroacupuncture on Thermal Pain: A Model for Studying the Neuronal Mechanism of Acupuncture Analgesia. The Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine, 11(4), pp. 653-661.
Lewith, G.T., Prescott, P., and Davis, C.L. (2004) Can a standardized acupuncture technique palliate disabling breathlessness: a single-blind, placebo-controlled crossover study. Chest, 125(5), pp. 1783-1790.
Li, K., Shan, B., Xu, J., Liu, H., Wang, W., Zhi, L., Li, K., Yan, B., and Tang, X. (2006) Changes in FMRI in the human brain related to different durations of manual acupuncture needling. Journal of Alternative & Complementary Medicine, 12(7), pp. 615-623.
LI, K., WEI, D., and LI, J. (2008) Acupuncture plus Acupoint-Injection for Treatment of Cervical Spondylosis of Vertebroarterial Type. Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine, 28(4), pp. 243-244.
Li, Z. (2002) The Extraordinary Vessels & Gynaecological Diseases. Journal of Chinese Medicine, 70, pp. 14-17.
Li, Z. (2003) Regulating the Penetrating and Conception Vessels to Treat Dysmenorrhoea Two Case Histories. Journal of Chinese Medicine, 73, pp. 13-15.
Li, Z. (2004) The Treatment of Irritable Bowel Syndrome By Acupuncture. Journal of Chinese Medicine, 74, pp. 22-24.
Li, Z. (2005) Facial Paralysis Treatment by Chinese Medicine. Journal of Chinese Medicine, 77, pp. 57-60.
Linde, M., Fjell, A., Carlsson, J., and Dahlöf, C. (2005) Role of the needling per se in acupuncture as prophylaxis for menstrually related migraine: a randomized placebo-controlled study. Cephalalgia: An International Journal of Headache, 25(1), pp. 41-47.
Lindfield, H. (2002) Chronic shoulder pain in stroke. Are we missing the acupoint?. Physiotherapy Research International, 7(1), pp. 44-50.
LING, L., JIANG, X., XUE, J., WANG, M., and KE, R. (2008) Clinical Study on the Visceral Differentiation-Based Acupuncture Therapy for Insomnia. Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine, 28(4), pp. 270-273.
Liu, Z. (2008) Clinical observation on the effect of earlobe-bleeding plus body acupuncture in 85 cases of common acne. Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine = Chung i Tsa Chih Ying Wen Pan / Sponsored by all-China Association of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Academy of Traditional Chinese Medicine, 28(1), pp. 18-20.
Longbottom, J. (2005) A case report of postulated Barre Lieou syndrome. Acupuncture in Medicine, 23(1), pp. 34-38.
Lore, R. (2005) Acupuncture Anaesthesia in Surgery and the Use of Integrative Medicine in the Treatment of Breast Cancer Sequelae. Journal of Chinese Medicine, 79, pp. 23-27.
Lu, M. and Liu, X. (2008) Insomnia due to deficiency of both the heart and spleen treated by acupuncture-moxibustion and Chinese tuina. Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine = Chung i Tsa Chih Ying Wen Pan / Sponsored by all-China Association of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Academy of Traditional Chinese Medicine, 28(1), pp. 10-12.
Luo, H. (2000) Clinical case report: breast lumpectomy with acupuncture anesthesia. Clinical Acupuncture and Oriental Medicine, 1(3), pp. 151-155.
Ma, T., Kao, M., Lin, I., Chiu, Y., Chien, C., Ho, T., Chu, B., and Chang, Y. (2006) A study on the clinical effects of physical therapy and acupuncture to treat spontaneous frozen shoulder. American Journal of Chinese Medicine, 34(5), pp. 759-775.
Maa, S., Sun, M., Hsu, K., Hung, T., Chen, H., Yu, C., Wang, C., and Lin, H. (2003) Effect of acupuncture or acupressure on quality of life of patients with chronic obstructive asthma: a pilot study. Journal of Alternative & Complementary Medicine, 9(5), pp. 659-670.
Macnair, S. and Yi, Z., (2001) Cases from the London School of Acupuncture Teaching Clinic.Journal of Chinese Medicine, 65, pp. 22-25.
MacPherson, H., Thorpe, L., Thomas, K., and Geddes, D. (2004) Acupuncture for depression: first steps toward a clinical evaluation. Journal of Alternative & Complementary Medicine,10(6), pp. 1083-1091.
Magnusson, A., Svensson, R., Leirvik, C., and Gunnarsson, R.K. (2004) The effect of acupuncture on allergic rhinitis: a randomized controlled clinical trial. American Journal of Chinese Medicine, 32(1), pp. 105-115.
Maioli, C., Falciati, L., Marangon, M., Perini, S., and Losio, A. (2006) Short- and long-term modulation of upper limb motor-evoked potentials induced by acupuncture. European Journal of Neuroscience, 23(7), pp. 1931-1938.
Manheimer, E., Lim, B., Lao, L., and Berman, B. (2006) Acupuncture for knee osteoarthritis–a randomised trial using a novel sham. Acupuncture in Medicine: Journal of the British Medical Acupuncture Society, 24 Suppl, pp. S7-14.
Martin, D.P., Sletten, C.D., Williams, B.A., and Berger, I.H. (2006) Improvement in fibromyalgia symptoms with acupuncture: results of a randomized controlled trial. Mayo Clinic Proceedings,81(6), pp. 749-757.
Mears, T. (2003) Acupuncture for chronic venous ulceration. Acupuncture in Medicine, 21(4), pp. 150-152.
Mears, T. (2005) Acupuncture in the treatment of post viral fatigue syndrome – a case report.Acupuncture in Medicine, 23(3), pp. 141-145.
Medici, T.C., Grebski, E., Wu, J., Hinz, G., and Wüthrich, B. (2002) Acupuncture and bronchial asthma: a long-term randomized study of the effects of real versus sham acupuncture compared to controls in patients with bronchial asthma. Journal of Alternative & Complementary Medicine,8(6), pp. 737-750.
Melchart, D., Steger, H., Linde, K., Makarian, K., Hatahet, Z., Brenke, R., and Saller, R. (2002) Integrating patient preferences in clinical trials: a pilot study of acupuncture versus midazolam for gastroscopy. Journal of Alternative & Complementary Medicine, 8(3), pp. 265-274.
Merchant, N. (1995) Facial pain: a review of 200 cases treated with acupuncture. Acupuncture in Medicine, 13(2), pp. 110-111.
Michael, W. (2003) Anosmia treated with acupuncture. Acupuncture in Medicine, 21(4), pp. 153-154.
Millea, P.J. (2005) Acupuncture treatment of compression neuropathy of the radial nerve: a single case report of “Saturday Night Palsy”. Journal of Alternative & Complementary Medicine,11(1), pp. 167-169.
Min, M., Xin, C., Yuefeng, C., Ping, R., and Jian, L. (2008) Stage-oriented comprehensive acupuncture treatment plus rehabilitation training for apoplectic hemiplegia. Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine, 28(2), pp. 90.
Näslund, J., Näslund, U., Odenbring, S., and Lundeberg, T. (2002) Sensory stimulation (acupuncture) for the treatment of idiopathic anterior knee pain. Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine, 34(5), pp. 231-238.
Neri, I., De Pace, V., Venturini, P., and Facchinetti, F. (2007) Effects of three different stimulations (acupuncture, moxibustion, acupuncture plus moxibustion) of BL.67 acupoint at small toe on fetal behavior of breech presentation. American Journal of Chinese Medicine, 35(1), pp. 27-33.
Nesbitt, M. (1999a) Acupuncture for head and neck pain. Acupuncture in Medicine, 17(2), pp. 140-149.
Nesbitt, M. (1999b) Case Reports: Acupuncture Side-Effect with Aspirin. Acupuncture in Medicine, 17(1), pp. 67-68.
Nesbitt, M. (1999c) Case Reports: Acupuncture and the Disappearing Polyp. Acupuncture in Medicine, 17(1), pp. 68-69.
Nesbitt, M. (1999d) Case Reports: Anti-Allergic Acupuncture Treatment. Acupuncture in Medicine, 17(1), pp. 69-70.
Nesbitt, M. (2000) Acupuncture for back and leg pain. Acupuncture in Medicine, 18(1), pp. 66-68.
Ng, D.K., Chow, P., Ming, S., Hong, S., Lau, S., Tse, D., Kwong, W.K., Wong, M., Wong, W.H., Fu, Y., Kwok, K., Li, H., and Ho, J.C. (2004) A double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled trial of acupuncture for the treatment of childhood persistent allergic rhinitis. Pediatrics,114(5), pp. 1242-1247.
Oomman, S., Liu, D., and Cummings, M. (2005) Acupuncture for acute postoperative pain relief in a patient with pregnancy-induced thrombocytopenia – a case report. Acupuncture in Medicine,23(2), pp. 83-85.
Pang, J., Huang, B.L., Li, Y.S., Zhou, Y.Y., Han, Z.Y., and Richardson, F. (2000) Treatment of gout with acupuncture. Acupuncture in Medicine, 18(1), pp. 29.
Paraskeva, A., Melemeni, A., Petropoulos, G., Siafaka, I., and Fassoulaki, A. (2004) Needling of the extra 1 point decreases BIS values and preoperative anxiety. American Journal of Chinese Medicine, 32(5), pp. 789-794.
Peck, G. (1987) Case History. Journal of Chinese Medicine, 23, pp. 31-34.
Perera, S. (1998) Acupuncture: an Alternative Treatment for Post Dural-Puncture Headaches Following Obstetric Epidural or Spinal. Acupuncture in Medicine, 16(2), pp. 77-79.
Phillips, K.D., Skelton, W.D., and Hand, G.A. (2004) Effect of acupuncture administered in a group setting on pain and subjective peripheral neuropathy in persons with human immunodeficiency virus disease. Journal of Alternative & Complementary Medicine, 10(3), pp. 449-455.
Ping, W. and Songhai, L. (2008) Clinical observation on post-stroke anxiety neurosis treated by acupuncture. Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine, 28(3), pp. 186.
Pothmann, R. (1992) Brief acupuncture treatment for dermatitis solaris: a multicentre pilot study. Acupuncture in Medicine, 10(2), pp. 64-65.
Price, S. (2003) Men and Depression Seeing and Believing. Journal of Chinese Medicine, 71, pp. 5-8.
Qu, F. and Zhou, J. (2006) Pedicle torsion of ovarian cyst and acupuncture–a case report. Acupuncture in Medicine, 24(3), pp. 134-136.
Rajan, S. (1999) Case Reports: Post-Radiotherapy Acupuncture. Acupuncture in Medicine, 17(1), pp. 64-65.
Rastogi, S. (2002) The Management of Osteonecrosis with Acupuncture. Journal of Chinese Medicine, 70, pp. 22-23.
Ravid, H., Ravid, S. and Ravid, R. (2006) Epilepsy: A Case Study Comparing Western and Traditional Chinese Treatment Procedures. Journal of Chinese Medicine, 80, pp. 17-21.
Razavi, M. and Jansen, G.B. (2004) Effects of acupuncture and placebo TENS in addition to exercise in treatment of rotator cuff tendinitis. Clinical Rehabilitation, 18(8), pp. 872-878.
REN, X. (2008) Fifty Cases of Parkinson’s Disease Treated by Acupuncture Combined with Madopar. Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine, 28(4), pp. 255-257.
Rivas-Vilchis, J., Hernández-Sánchez, F., González-Camarena, R., Suárez-Rodríguez, L., Escorcia-Gaona, R., Cervantes-Reyes, J., and Román-Ramos, R. (2007) Assessment of the vascular effects of PC6 (Neiguan) using the second derivative of the finger photoplethysmogram in healthy and hypertensive subjects. American Journal of Chinese Medicine, 35(3), pp. 427-436.
Romoli, M., D, Giovanzana, P., Masserano, G., Vignali, F., Quirico, E., and Giommi, A. (2000) International research project to devise a protocol to test the effectiveness of acupuncture on painful shoulder. Journal of Alternative & Complementary Medicine, 6(3), pp. 281-287.
Rösler, A., Otto, B., Schreiber-Dietrich, D., Steinmetz, H., and Kessler, K.R. (2003) Single-needle acupuncture alleviates gag reflex during transesophageal echocardiography: a blinded, randomized, controlled pilot trial. Journal of Alternative & Complementary Medicine, 9(6), pp. 847-849.
Rosted, P. (1992) The treatment of skin disease by acupuncture. Acupuncture in Medicine,10(2), pp. 66.
Rosted, P. (2005) Acupuncture for treatment of the yips? – a case report. Acupuncture in Medicine, 23(4), pp. 188-189.
Rosted, P. (2007) Chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome and acupuncture – a case report. Acupuncture in Medicine, 25(4), pp. 198-119.
Rosted, P. and Jørgensen, V. (2002) Acupuncture used in the Management of Pain due to Arthropathy in a Patient with Haemophilia. Acupuncture in Medicine, 20(4), pp. 193-195.
Rosted, P. and Woolley, D.R. (2007) Bell’s Palsy following acupuncture treatment — a case report. Acupuncture in Medicine, 25(1-2), pp. 47-48.
Samuels, N. (2003) Acupuncture for acute torticollis: a pilot study. American Journal of Chinese Medicine, 31(5), pp. 803-807.
Scharf, H., Mansmann, U., Streitberger, K., Witte, S., Krämer, J., Maier, C., Trampisch, H., and Victor, N. (2006) Acupuncture and knee osteoarthritis: a three-armed randomized trial. Annals of Internal Medicine, 145(1), pp. 12.
Schneider, A., Löwe, B., and Streitberger, K. (2005) Perception of bodily sensation as a predictor of treatment response to acupuncture for postoperative nausea and vomiting prophylaxis. Journal of Alternative & Complementary Medicine, 11(1), pp. 119-125.
Schnyer, R.N., Wayne, P.M., Kaptchuk, T.J., Cheng, X., Zhang, Z., and Stason, W.B. (2006) Standardization of individualized treatments in a randomized controlled trial of acupuncture for stroke rehabilitation. Journal of Alternative & Complementary Medicine, 12(2), pp. 106-109.
Seki, T., Kurusu, M., Arai, H., and Sasaki, H. (2004) Acupuncture for gait disorders in the elderly. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, 52(4), pp. 643-644.
Seki, T., Kurusu, M., Tanji, H., Arai, H., and Sasaki, H. (2003) Acupuncture and swallowing reflex in poststroke patients. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, 51(5), pp. 726-727.
Shenghong, Z. (2008) Thirty cases of chronic cholecystitis treated by acupuncture and oral administration of Da Chai Hu Tang. Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine, 28(3), pp. 173.
Sherman, K.J., Cherkin, D.C., and Hogeboom, C.J. (2001) The diagnosis and treatment of patients with chronic low-back pain by traditional Chinese medical acupuncturists. Journal of Alternative & Complementary Medicine, 7(6), pp. 641-650.
Shin, B., Ha, C., Song, Y., and Lee, M.S. (2007) Effectiveness of combining manual therapy and acupuncture on temporomandibular joint dysfunction: a retrospective study. American Journal of Chinese Medicine, 35(2), pp. 203-208.
Shiue, H., Lee, Y., Tsai, C., Hsueh, Y., Sheu, J., and Chang, H. (2008) DNA microarray analysis of the effect on inflammation in patients treated with acupuncture for allergic rhinitis. Journal of Alternative & Complementary Medicine, 14(6), pp. 689-698.
Sklar, C. (2004) HEALING WITH NEEDLES Acupuncture Aids Torture Survivors. Journal of Chinese Medicine, 76, pp. 28-29.
Stellon, A. and Palmer. T. (1999) Acupuncture as an Alternative to Diazepam Sedation for Diagnostic Gastrointestinal Endoscopy. Acupuncture in Medicine, 17(1), pp. 2-4.
Stern, E. (1999) Polycystic ovary syndrome:three cases treated with acupuncture, herbs and nutrition. Clinical Acupuncture and Oriental Medicine, 1(1), pp. 19-29.
Streng, A., Linde, K., Hoppe, A., Pfaffenrath, V., Hammes, M., Wagenpfeil, S., Weidenhammer, W., and Melchart, D. (2006) Effectiveness and tolerability of acupuncture compared with metoprolol in migraine prophylaxis. Headache: The Journal of Head & Face Pain, 46(10), pp. 1492-1502.
Stux, G. (1987) Treatment of migraine with acupuncture and moxibustion. Pilot study on 50 patients. BR J ACUPUNCT, 10(2), pp. 7.
SUN, H. (2008) Relation between Treatment Course and Therapeutic Effects of Acupuncture for Female Obesity of Different Types. Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine, 28(4), pp. 258-261.
Takahashi, T. (2006) Acupuncture for functional gastrointestinal disorders. Journal of Gastroenterology, 41(5), pp. 408-417.
Tang, A. (2000) Acupuncture for vulval and back pain: phantom needle response?. Acupuncture in Medicine, 18(1), pp. 65-66.
Ternov, N.K., Grennert, L., Åberg, A., Algotsson, L., and Åkeson, J. (2001) Acupuncture for lower back and pelvic pain in late pregnancy: a retrospective report on 167 consecutive cases. Pain Medicine, 2(3), pp. 204-207.
Thambirajah, R. (2003) Clinical Experience Cosmetic Acupuncture. Journal of Chinese Medicine, 72, pp. 42-44.
Tian, H. and Zhang, C. (2008) The combined use of acupuncture and Chinese medicines for treatment of menopausal syndrome–a clinical report of 63 cases. Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine = Chung i Tsa Chih Ying Wen Pan / Sponsored by all-China Association of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Academy of Traditional Chinese Medicine, 28(1), pp. 3-4.
Tillu, A. and Gupta, S. (1998) Effect of acupuncture treatment on heel pain due to plantar fasciitis. Acupuncture in Medicine, 16(2), pp. 66-68.
Tillu, A., Tillu, S., and Vowler, S. (2002) Effect of acupuncture on knee function in advanced osteoarthritis of the knee: a prospective, non-randomised controlled study. Acupuncture in Medicine, 20(1), pp. 19-21.
Tsang, R., Tsang, P.L., Ko, C.Y., Kong, B., Lee, W.Y., and Yip, H.T. (2007) Effects of acupuncture and sham acupuncture in addition to physiotherapy in patients undergoing bilateral total knee arthroplasty: a randomized controlled trial. Clinical Rehabilitation, 21(8), pp. 719-728.
Tseng, K., Liu, H., Tso, K., Woung, L., Su, Y., and Lin, J. (2006) A clinical study of acupuncture and SSP (silver spike point) electro-therapy for dry eye syndrome. American Journal of Chinese Medicine, 34(2), pp. 197-206.
Tsui, M. and Cheing, G. (2004) The effectiveness of electroacupuncture versus electrical heat acupuncture in the management of chronic low-back pain. Journal of Alternative & Complementary Medicine, 10(5), pp. 803-809.
Tucker, T. (2004) The Treatment of Interstitial Cystitis by Acupuncture. Journal of Chinese Medicine, 75, pp. 38-44.
Tukmachi, E. (1999) Case Reports: Acupuncture Treatment of Osteoarthritis. Acupuncture in Medicine, 17(1), pp. 65-67.
Tukmachi, E. (2001a) Acupuncture Therapy in Diseases Failing To Respond To Western Medicine 6 Case Reports. Journal of Chinese Medicine, 67, pp. 6-11.
Tukmachi, E. and Tukmachi, F. (2005) Tension Headache: A Clinical Study of its Treatment by Acupuncture. Journal of Chinese Medicine, 78, pp. 10-16.
Tukmachi, E., (2001b) CASE REPORT The combined treatment of manual acupuncture, electro-acupuncture and low-level laser therapy in the management of Herpes Zoster complicated by right side facial palsy. Journal of Chinese Medicine, 66, pp. 42-44.
Umeh, B. (1987) Acupuncture Treatment for Acute Torticollis. Acupuncture in Medicine, 4(1), pp. 10-11.
Vas, J., Méndez, C. and Perea-Milla, E. (2006) Acupuncture vs Streitberger needle in knee osteoarthritis – an RCT. Acupuncture in Medicine, 24(Suppl), pp. S15-24.
Vas, J., Perea-Milla, E. and Méndez, C. (2004) Acupuncture and moxibustion as an adjunctive treatment for osteoarthritis of the knee – a large case series, Acupuncture in Medicine,221(1), pp. 23-28
Wadlow, G. and Astbury, S. (1995) Cases from the London School of Acupuncture Teaching Clinic. Journal of Chinese Medicine, 48, pp. 37-39.
Wadlow, G. and Hastie, L. (1996) Cases from the London School of Acupuncture Teaching Clinic. Journal of Chinese Medicine, 51, pp. 29-31.
Wadlow, G. and Mountford, C. (1997) Cases from the London School of Acupuncture Teaching Clinic. Journal of Chinese Medicine, 54, pp. 29-30.
Wadlow, G. and Wagner, H. (1999) Cases from the London School of Acupuncture Teaching Clinic. Journal of Chinese Medicine, 61, pp. 42-44.
Wadlow, G., Brooks, P. and Kueper, A. (1995) Cases from the London School of Acupuncture Teaching Clinic. Journal of Chinese Medicine, 49, pp. 35-37.
WANG, H. and LIANG, F. (2008) Analysis on the Features of Preventive Treatment with Acupuncture and Moxibustion. Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine, 28(4), pp. 281-285.
Wang, S., Punjala, M., Weiss, D., Anderson, K., and Kain, Z.N. (2007) Acupuncture as an adjunct for sedation during lithotripsy. Journal of Alternative & Complementary Medicine,13(2), pp. 241-246.
WANG, W. and ZHAO, L. (2008) Acupuncture Treatment for Spontaneous Polyhidrosis. Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine, 28(4), pp. 262-263.
Waterhouse, M., Stelling, C., Powers, M., Levy, S., and Zeltzer, L.K. (2000) Acupuncture and hypotherapy in the treatment of chronic pain in children. Clinical Acupuncture and Oriental Medicine, 1(3), pp. 139-150.
Wei, L. and Wen, J. (2006) The treatment of Acne with Acupuncture and Acupuncturerelated Therapies. Journal of Chinese Medicine, 81, pp. 30-33.
Wei, L., Wang, H., Han, Y., and Li, C. (2008) Clinical observation on the effects of electroacupuncture at Shaoze (SI 1) in 46 cases of postpartum insufficient lactation. Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine = Chung i Tsa Chih Ying Wen Pan / Sponsored by all-China Association of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Academy of Traditional Chinese Medicine,28(3), pp. 168-172.
Wen, J. and Wei, L. (2006) The treatment of Alopecia with acupuncture and related techniques.Journal of Chinese Medicine, 82, pp. 32-35.
White, P., Lewith, G., Prescott, P., and Conway, J. (2004) Acupuncture versus placebo for the treatment of chronic mechanical neck pain: a randomized, controlled trial. Annals of Internal Medicine, 141(12), pp. 911-919.
Wilson, J. and Swales, R. (1997) Cases from the London School of Acupuncture Teaching Clinic.Journal of Chinese Medicine, 53, pp. 36-38.
Witt, C., Brinkhaus, B., Jena, S., Linde, K., Streng, A., Wagenpfeil, S., Hummelsberger, J., Walther, H.U., Melchart, D., and Willich, S.N. (2005) Acupuncture in patients with osteoarthritis of the knee: a randomised trial. Lancet, 366(9480), pp. 136-143.
Wong, C.L. and Wong, V. (2008) Effect of acupuncture in a patient with 7-year-history of Bell’s palsy. Journal of Alternative & Complementary Medicine, 14(7), pp. 847-853.
Wong, R. and Sagar, S. (2006) Acupuncture treatment for chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy – a case series. Acupuncture in Medicine, 24(2), pp. 87-91.
Wong, R.K. and Sagar, S.M. (2000) The treatment of persistent yawning with acupuncture. Acupuncture in Medicine, 18(2), pp. 124.
Woźniak, P.R., Stachowiak, G.P., Pieta-Dolińska, A.K., and Oszukowski, P.J. (2003) Anti-phlogistic and immunocompetent effects of acupuncture treatment in women suffering from chronic pelvic inflammatory diseases. The American Journal of Chinese Medicine, 31(2), pp. 315-320.
Wu, Y. (2008) Effects of electroacupuncture at the nerve trunk for treatment of apoplectic hemiplegia at the spastic stage. Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine = Chung i Tsa Chih Ying Wen Pan / Sponsored by all-China Association of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Academy of Traditional Chinese Medicine, 28(3), pp. 183-185.
Xiao, F., (2002) CASE REPORT Cutaneous Pruritus Treated by Chinese Medicine. Journal of Chinese Medicine, 69, pp. 30-32.
Xiaojun, Z. (2008) Electro-Acupuncture Combined with the Trigger Point Needle-Embedding for Treatment of Primary Trigeminal Neuralgia in 31 Cases. Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine, 28(1), pp. 13.
Xuan, L. (2002) Cervical Spondylosis Treatment with Abdominal Points. Journal of Chinese Medicine, 70, pp. 20-21.
Xue, C.C., English, R., Zhang, J.J., Da Costa, C., and Li, C.G. (2002) Effect of acupuncture in the treatment of seasonal allergic rhinitis: a randomized controlled clinical trial. American Journal of Chinese Medicine, 30(1), pp. 1-11.
Xue, Y. (2002) Eight Treatment Methods for Complicated Patterns of Qi and Blood. Journal of Chinese Medicine, 69, pp. 27-29.
Xue, Y. (2003) Parkinson’s Disease. Journal of Chinese Medicine, 73, pp. 9-12.
Yang, Z., Cai, T., and Wu, J. (1989) Acupuncture and emotion: The influence of acupuncture anesthesia on the sensory and emotional components of pain. Journal of General Psychology,116(3), pp. 247-258.
Yim, Y.K., Kang, W.C., Cho, J.H., Shin, J.W., Lee, N.H., Choi, S.M., Koo, S.T., Park, K.S., and Son, C.G. (2007) Crossover clinical trial to determine the effect of manual acupuncture at Siguan points (bilateral LI4 and LR3) on intestinal motility in healthy subjects. American Journal of Chinese Medicine, 35(2), pp. 209-218.
Yin, H. (2005) Acupuncture for Intervertebral Lumbar Disc Prolapse: Case Studies and Clinical Experience. Journal of Chinese Medicine, 78, pp. 50-51.
Youzi, N. and Chunyong, W. (2008) A Survey of Treatment of Acne by Acupuncture. Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine, 28(1), pp. 71.
Zang, H. (2003) Clinical Experience The Optimum Time for Acupuncture Treatment of Peripheral Facial Paralysis. Journal of Chinese Medicine, 71, pp. 35-36.
Zaretsky, H.H., Lee, M.H., and Rubin, M. (1976) Psychological factors and clinical observations in acupuncture analgesia and pain abatement. Journal of Psychology: Interdisciplinary and Applied, 93(1), pp. 113-120.
Zeffert, S. and Desser, A. (1998) Cases from the London School of Acupuncture Teaching Clinic.Journal of Chinese Medicine, 58, pp. 41-42.
Zeisler, H., Michaela, R., Witt, A., and Husslein, P. (2001) Increased fetal movements – a marker for successful prenatal treatment with acupuncture?. Clinical Acupuncture and Oriental Medicine, 2(4), pp. 206-208.
Zhang, D. (2007) A method of selecting acupoints for acupuncture treatment of peripheral facial paralysis by thermography. American Journal of Chinese Medicine, 35(6), pp. 967-975.
Zhang, H. and Ren, L. (2003) Treatment of Gastrointestinal Malaria by Acupuncture a Report of 46 Cases. Journal of Chinese Medicine, 72, pp. 27-28.
Zhang, X. (2008) A Clinical Survey of Acupuncture Slimming. Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine, 28(2), pp. 139-147.
Zhao, B., Wang, K., Zhao, J., Wwang, C., Huang, X., Ma, S., and Qiang, H. (2008a) Clinical Effects of Acupuncture after Surgical Operation in Patients with Prolapse of the Lumbar Intervertebral Disc. Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine, 28(4), pp. 250-254.
Zhao, C., Stillman, M.J., and Rozen, T.D. (2005) Traditional and evidence-based acupuncture in headache management: theory, mechanism, and practice. Headache: The Journal of Head & Face Pain, 45(6), pp. 716-730.
Zhao, Y., Ding, M., and Wang, Y. (2008b) Forty cases of gastrointestinal neurosis treated by acupunture. Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine = Chung i Tsa Chih Ying Wen Pan / Sponsored by all-China Association of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Academy of Traditional Chinese Medicine, 28(1), pp. 15-17.
Zhu, X.M. and Polus, B. (2002) A controlled trial on acupuncture for chronic neck pain. American Journal of Chinese Medicine, 30(1), pp. 13-28.
Ziqi, Z. and Ganghui, J. (2008) Thirty cases of the blood-stasis type prolapse of lumbar intervertebral disc treated by acupuncture at the xi (cleft) point plus herbal intervention injection. Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine, 28(3), pp. 178.
Ziyong, L. (2007) Treatment of Chloasma: The therapeutic effect of facial acupuncture combined with moxibustion. Journal of Chinese Medicine, 84, pp. 12-15.

End

Moxibustion The Power of Heat

Moxibustion is a traditional technique often used in combination with acupuncture or as a standalone treatment.  Moxibustion has been used in traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) for more than a thousand years to help maintain health and fight disease primarily by invigorating blood, stimulating Qi and expelling cold.

Moxibustion produces heat through the burning of moxa (herbs, principally mugwort – artemisia vulgaris), the heat and the intrinsic qualities of the herbs provide the therapeutic qualities. There are many ways to administer moxa and two common methods I use regularly are ‘sparrow pecking’ and ‘needle moxibustion’.

Sparrow Pecking

MoxibustionA cigar like stick of moxa is lit and the end is allowed to become red hot and smouldering, this smouldering end is used to warm the treatment area, acupoint or channel. The moxa stick is held about 1cm above the treatment area and moved back and forth, like a sparrow pecking. The moxa stick may also be moved above and along the treatment area or channel but never staying in one place long enough to burn. Warming of the channels can be very effective for clearing cold obstruction such as sciatic type pains. Moxa is often used to help turn a breach baby by stimulating acupoint BL-67 of the big toe.

Needle Moxibustion

Needle moxaA small cone of moxa is placed on the inserted acupuncture needle and then lit and allowed to smoulder. This is quite a pleasant experience and provides very precise heating to the acupuncture point. Each cone will burn for about 5 minutes and multiple cones may be used during one treatment. Needle moxa is ideal for treating deficiency and internal cold, it can tonify the function of the Kidneys, benefit lumber pain, treat tiredness and intestinal disorders, etc.

Safety

Moxibustion is ideally administered in the clinic however I often prescribed it to be used by patients at home. It is well suited to the treatment of some childhood ailments and parents can administer treatment regularly without attending clinic each time. Joint pain and chronic tiredness are often treated at home, and many midwifes are now familiar with using or referring for moxa to be used at home to help turn breech presentations.

Moxibustion is not suitable for everyone, it is important that you seek a proper pattern diagnosis* from a qualified practitioner as inappropriate use can aggravate certain conditions.

*Patterns of disharmony: Also called pattern diagnosis and pattern discrimination are the diagnosis that traditional Chinese medicine practitioners give to the disharmonies that lead to disease; it is these patterns that are treated to return your body and mind to a proper and healthy balance. After your initial consultation and throughout your treatments I will discuss with you your particular pattern diagnoses, bear in mind that these patterns can change as your condition changes or if you contract new conditions, such as a common cold or stiff neck. There are dozens of pattern disharmonies and some more common examples are Spleen Qi Deficiency, Liver Qi Stagnation, Dampness, Heat, Coldness, Liver Blood Deficiency, Kidney Yang Deficiency, Kidney Yin Deficiency and Lung Qi Deficiency.

By Austin ©2016 Austin Austin www.austinaustin.co.uk

Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) and Acupuncture

“Acupuncture-moxibustion for irritable bowel syndrome is better than the conventional western medication treatment.” This is the conclusion of Pei LX, et al. (2012) in their meta-analysis, see abstract at end of this post.

IBS

I have known for many years that acupuncture and moxibustion frequently provide remarkable and life changing results in the treatment of the signs & symptoms of IBS. I have had many patients who have suffered with distressing signs and symptoms for years; they have been through numerous tests and visits to consultants eventually receiving a diagnosis of IBS. They are often prescribed a number of pharmaceutical medications, which in themselves may cause other problems, and are pretty much left to cope as best they can.

A course of acupuncture can relatively quickly relieve many of the signs and symptoms of IBS, such as bloating, stomach cramps, alternating diarrhoea and constipation and urgent stools, to name but a few. When acupuncture is combined with dietary changes based on a pattern disharmony* the results are often remarkable, and over a course of about 3 months many patients are able to get back to a ‘normal’ life.

In my experience for long term recovery it is imperative that acupuncture is combined with changes to the patient’s diet based on Chinese medicine food energetics. Chinese dietetics is different from our general Western ideas of how food affects our health, often changes to diet based on food energetics is not difficult to accomplish.


Acupuncture-moxibustion for irritable bowel syndrome is better than the conventional western medication treatment. This is the conclusion of Pei LX, et al. (2012) in their meta-analysis, see the following abstract from their study:

“OBJECTIVE:

To evaluate the clinical efficacy and safety of acupuncture-moxibustion in treatment of irritable bowel syndrome systematically.

METHODS:

Clinical randomized controlled trials on treatment of irritable bowel syndrome with acupuncture-moxibustion were collected. Through retrieval of CNKI (1979 – December of 2011) and VIP (1979- December of 2011), randomized and quasi-randomized controlled clinical trials on treatment of irritable bowel syndrome with control study between acupuncture and sham acupuncture or western medication were included. The test bias risk and quality assessment of each experiment were carried out by two researchers in accordance with the Cochrane Handbook 5.1.0 standard. And RevMan 5.1.6 software was adopted for the Meta analysis.

RESULTS:

Eleven researches were included with totally 969 patients. Meta analysis shows that the effective rate of the combined methods of acupuncture and moxibustion [RR = 1. 27, 95% CI ( 1.09, 1.49)] is superior to conventional western medication treatment.

CONCLUSION:

Acupuncture-moxibustion for irritable bowel syndrome is better than the conventional western medication treatment.

References:

Zhongguo Zhen Jiu. 2012 Oct;32(10):957-60. [Meta analysis of acupuncture-moxibustion in treatment of irritable bowel syndrome]. Pei LX, Zhang XC, Sun JH, Geng H, Wu XL. Acupuncture and Rehabilitation Department, Jiangsu Province Hospital of TCM, Nanjing, China.”

*Patterns of disharmony: Also called pattern diagnosis and pattern discrimination are the diagnosis that traditional Chinese medicine practitioners give to the disharmonies that lead to disease; it is these patterns that are treated to return your body and mind to a proper and healthy balance. After your initial consultation and throughout your treatments I will discuss with you your particular pattern diagnoses, bear in mind that these patterns can change as your condition changes or if you contract new conditions, such as a common cold or stiff neck. There are dozens of pattern disharmonies and some more common examples are Spleen Qi Deficiency, Liver Qi Stagnation, Dampness, Heat, Coldness, Liver Blood Deficiency, Kidney Yang Deficiency, Kidney Yin Deficiency and Lung Qi Deficiency.

By Austin ©Austin Austin 2014 www.austinaustin.co.uk

Hair Loss (Alopecia Areata)

Alopecia Areata is baldness in one or multiple areas and can occur anywhere hair grows but is often most problematic when it manifests as bald patches on the scalp. From a Western medicine perspective the cause is not fully understood but there may be a family connection and it may involve an autoimmune response. Some pharmaceutical medications such as those seen in chemotherapy can also cause hair loss. My experience also suggests that stress is a factor or trigger in some cases.

Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) treatment can be effective in treating alopecia, particularly when the Western medicine aetiology is unclear and no obvious pharmaceutical cause is known. The cause of alopecia according to TCM diagnosis is often one of a Blood Deficiency and Liver Qi Stagnation either of which may cause the hair to become malnourished and fall out. Some of the following signs and symptoms may also be present with these patterns such as dizziness, dryness, painful periods, tight neck and shoulders, a feeling of a lump (plum stone) in the throat, palpitations, tight chest, insomnia, vivid dreams, depression, restlessness, cold hands and feet.

Both men and women can suffer from alopecia however it tends to be predominately women I see as it is perhaps more traumatic for women, and women are more easily prone to Blood Deficiency and Liver Qi Stagnation due to their female nature, menstrual cycle and the modern lifestyle stresses.

Fortunately TCM treatment can be effective in restoring hair growth by addressing the underling patterns of Blood Deficiency and or Liver Qi Stagnation. Subject to diagnosis the following methods may be employed:

Dietary advice to help strengthen the Spleen function and smooth the Liver Qi, by a modest increase in Blood nourishing and Qi invigorating foods such as described by Debra Betts here. It is important to have a proper TCM pattern diagnosis before making changes to your diet as not all cases of hair loss are due to Blood Deficiency or Liver Qi Stagnations and there may be other underling patterns that are more important to address.

Acupuncture to tonify the Spleen function and help your body produce good Blood and Qi. Acupuncture to smooth the Liver Qi, de-stress and help Qi and Blood move effectively to the extremities. Acupuncture to stimulate the area of hair loss to draw Qi and Blood to the area and nourish the follicles.

Plum blossom needling (a special tapping technique using small needles) to invigorate the area of hair loss drawing Qi and Blood to the area to nourish the follicles.

Moxibustion (an external herbal warming technique) to stimulate the area of hair loss drawing Qi and Blood to the area to nourish the follicles.

I will often utilise a combination of these therapies and it may also be useful for the patient to apply fresh ginger to the area once or twice a day until it is hot and flushed, but not immediately following an acupuncture treatment.

*Patterns of disharmony: Also called pattern diagnosis and pattern discrimination are the diagnosis that traditional Chinese medicine practitioners give to the disharmonies that lead to disease; it is these patterns that are treated to return your body and mind to a proper and healthy balance. After your initial consultation and throughout your treatments I will discuss with you your particular pattern diagnoses, bear in mind that these patterns can change as your condition changes or if you contract new conditions, such as a common cold or stiff neck. There are dozens of pattern disharmonies and some more common examples are Spleen Qi Deficiency, Liver Qi Stagnation, Dampness, Heat, Coldness, Liver Blood Deficiency, Kidney Yang Deficiency, Kidney Yin Deficiency and Lung Qi Deficiency.

By Austin ©2014 Austin Austin www.austinaustin.co.uk